The next historical epoch, in Gibson's eyes, has inverted the former narrative of evolution, to champion a movement of devolution—of regression to the symptomatic figure of a child. Volume 2, Issue 2 Spring Fiske elaborated on this idea, that a sign of the culmination of human evolution was to be located in the spectacle of the material body receding in the wake of the expansion of human mind—an image that found favor with a popular audience that included Dewing's wife, Maria, who used it in her treatise on feminine beauty. In her place, as Gibson shows us in this cartoon fromthe Modernists put another feminine figure, the flapper. Its threat could be measured in the proximity of Manhattan's ghettos to the literary and artistic enclave of Washington Square. Columbia University Press, For him these attenuated, angular figures evinced an adolescent physique, "like that of a young girl before having reached maturity. Saint-Gaudens' double life is described in Wilkinson Their smooth expanses of exposed skin invited touch.
- Kathleen Pyne On Women and Ambivalence in the Evolutionary Topos
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Kathleen Pyne On Women and Ambivalence in the Evolutionary Topos
While we criticize the deployment of gender against the civic recognition of Muslims, violations of women's rights within minority groups.
Rather, it signaled instead a reaffirmation of his inherited Bostonian ethos, and it renewed the transcendentalist paradigm that valorized the "higher things," such as soulfulness and beauty in art, music, and literature, now in the form of an agnostic religion of art, that engaged traditional Northeastern aspirations toward self-perfection.
At least this was true for the Northeastern elite who valued aesthetic refinement as a mark of membership in a group distinguished from a less evolved quotient of humanity by virtue of its greater "spiritual" and mental development. Cambridge University Press, Yet, they would claim that the sexual experience they prized was simultaneously aesthetic, poetic, and spiritual.
Gibson's title, Thirty Years of Progressridicules the whole epic saga of evolutionary progress, previously signified in the articulation of the female figure.
This paper argues that the twin poles of this evolutionary discourse, concerning the uncertain direction of human development, could be collapsed into the image of a woman. In the decade following the Civil War evolutionary theory shook the foundations of America's self-identity as God's chosen people.
Women and Writing in Mexico Since Nuala Finnegan instability whose effect on the majority of women has been ambivalent at best Nikki Craske also. In common with other sexism theories, ambivalent sexism theory (AST; Glick & Fiske, ; ; ) posits that women often face overt and.
Minnie Clark, whose background was working-class Irish, was transformed through Dewing's eyes, in Portrait in Blueto suggest a remote, ethereal being commonly connected with the self-restrained Puritan daughter.
To avoid such a position, we might end by reflecting on the practices of the modernists, since they would also see their own ideals embodied in the figure of a woman, but embodied no less ambivalently than in the elite feminine type of the s.
On the one hand, Charles Darwin brought the scrutiny of positivist science to bear on biological issues, negating any human uniqueness, while on the other, Herbert Spencer translated evolution into a philosophy of human progress.
These women fascinated because they were cool and warm at the same time, inexplicably giving off contradictory signals to the viewer. Significantly, Dewing's bodiless woman presented a paradoxical configuration; her very form offered a model of eroticized aesthetic experience that was yet "intellectual," anti-corporeal, and thus "higher" in its rejection of the commonplace depiction of sexuality as the carnal, voluptuous body.
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Dewing told me she did, that the mark of what was most civilized was that it was farthest removed from what was animal. Frances Grimes, a sculptor who knew Dewing well, commented on this tendency when she observed that the "cultivated and informed" women of Dewing's paintings.
Cf. Silvia Bovenschen's analysis of the role and societal expectations of women in Die imaginierte Weiblichkeit and Irmgard Roebling's article on Droste which.
Baker, This paper argues that the twin poles of this evolutionary discourse, concerning the uncertain direction of human development, could be collapsed into the image of a woman.
Yet Gibson, looking at the same woman projected a feminine type who similarly posed no challenge to the activist sphere of male professionals. The next historical epoch, in Gibson's eyes, has inverted the former narrative of evolution, to champion a movement of devolution—of regression to the symptomatic figure of a child. To contemporaries, the mystery and allure of Dewing's female figures emanated from their "subtle contradictions.
The internal contradiction of masculine ideology required that Anglo-American men exhibit protectiveness and self-restraint in relations with refined Anglo-American women, and at the same time combat the effeminizing effects of such behavior by celebrating and acting out a "primitive" masculine sexuality in terms of aggression, strength, and violence in arenas of leisure such as athletics, hunting, riding, mountaineering. In her place, as Gibson shows us in this cartoon fromthe Modernists put another feminine figure, the flapper.
Ambivalent woman within catalog
The practice of aestheticizing, of making the figure into artifice, permits an untroubled eroticizing. Moore, The Post-Darwinian Controversies: You feel the just weight of the body Though Dewing boasted that he would paint a nude for White that would be a "gaudy rose bush" and "so alluring and lithe" that White "would not be able to keep it in [his] room," the nude Dewing produced for White failed to satisfy the architect's taste for more explicit representations of feminine sexuality: Perhaps the foregoing discussion seems to be bent on eliciting the failings of the evolutionary era, while it remains mute on those of later historical eras—modernism and after—with which the late twentieth-century subject might better identify.
Other artists with naturalist philosophies more in tune with a Darwinian narrative of the human as an animal—John Singer Sargent, for example—criticized Dewing and his colleagues for searching out a [feminine] subject that was "angelic, far-away, and thin, the real flesh and blood thing, rustical thing not being good enough for them